MYELOMA – mSMART is the way to go

May 14th, 2013

Mayo Stratification of Myeloma and Risk-Adapted Therapy (mSMART) developed by the Mayo Clinic, unlike the present staging systems takes cytogenetic features into consideration and stratifies patients into High risk, Intermediate risk and Low risk groups. The clinician, based on the risk, then decides on the most appropriate therapy. This Risk-Adapted Therapy should result in better outcomes without compromising care. The 2013 mSMART Consensus Guidelines were published in the April issue of the Mayo Clinic Proceedings.

May 13th, 2013

TTP, HUS and aHUS Different diseases – Different treatments

May 4th, 2013

SUMMARY: Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (TTP), Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (HUS) and Atypical Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (aHUS) are Thrombotic Microangiopathies (TMA’s) associated with MicroAngiopathic Hemolytic Anemia and thrombocytopenia. Even though their clinical presentation has some similarities, they are distinct entities with different pathophysiology and hence managed differently. With the identification of von Willebrand Factor (vWF) cleaving protease ADAMTS13 (A disintegrin and metalloprotease with thrombospondin type 1 repeats, member 13) in 1996, we are now able to better understand and appropriately manage these TMA’s. Patients with TTP are deficient in ADAMTS13 and therefore develop platelet microthrombin in small blood vessels due to uninhibited propagation of platelet aggregates bound to ultra high molecular weight VWF multimers. Approximately 10% or less of Shiga-Toxin producing Escherichia Coli (STEC) infections may be associated with HUS. aHUS is caused by a genetic deficiency of one or more complement regulatory proteins which results in uncontrolled activity of the alternate complement pathway. Plasma Exchange in TTP restores the protease activity of ADAMTS13 whereas aHUS is treated with SOLIRIS® (Eculizumab) to inhibit complement mediated TMA. Once a diagnosis of STEC-HUS is confirmed, hospitalization and intensive care with transfusions and kidney dialysis may become necessary. George JN. Blood 2010:116; 4060-4069